Standards of Academic Integrity
Standards of integrity in the academic world derive from the nature of the academic enterprise itself. Students attend college in order to educate themselves. The various exercises that absorb so much time and energy during the semester -- tests, reports, problem sets, essays, and term papers -- are all purposeful opportunities enabling students to develop and display their acquired skills, knowledge, and capacity for critical thinking and creative analysis. Since academic dishonesty necessarily hinders such development, it cannot be tolerated under any circumstances. Accordingly, Drew University has established standards of academic integrity and procedures governing violations of them. These basic standards apply to all work done at Drew. Students are expected to study and comply with these principles as stated below. Students will receive a complete copy of this booklet from their college seminar instructor.
Categories of Academic Dishonesty
The standards of academic integrity apply to information that is presented orally, in writing, or via the computer, in any format ranging from the most informal comment to a computer program or a formal research paper. These standards apply to source material gathered from other people, from written texts, from computer programs, from the Internet, or from any other location.
- Plagiarism: Plagiarism is the act of appropriating or imitating the language, ideas, or thoughts of another and presenting them as one's own or without proper acknowledgment. This includes submitting a paper or part of a paper written by another person as one's own, whether that material was stolen, purchased, or shared freely. It also includes submitting a paper containing insufficient citation or misuse of source material. The unacknowledged inclusion of language, ideas, or thoughts taken from "study guides," such as Cliff's Notes is also a form of plagiarism. (Even when acknowledged, such study guides are too rudimentary to be appropriate secondary sources for a college paper.)
- Duplicate Submission: Submitting one work in identical or similar form to fulfill more than one requirement without prior approval of the relevant faculty members is a breach of academic integrity. This includes using a paper for more than one course or submitting material previously used to meet another requirement.
- Cheating on Examinations: Cheating on examinations by copying material from another person or source or by gaining any advance knowledge of the content or topic of an examination without the permission of the instructor is another breach of academic integrity. In the case of take-home examinations, the guidelines under collaboration (below) apply; failure to follow those guidelines constitutes academic dishonesty.
- False Citation: Listing an author, title, or page reference as the source for obtained material, when the material actually came from another source or from another location within that source, is a breach of academic integrity. This includes attributing fabricated material to a real or fictitious source.
- Unintentional Plagiarism: Unintentional plagiarism is also a breach of academic integrity.Unintentional plagiarism, also known as patch writing, frequently occurs when students depend too heavily on textual material to make a point rather than making the point themselves and using the text to support it. In such cases, students cite the sources they have used, but do not correctly paraphrase the source material. They often also fail to indicate where paraphrased source material begins and ends. Unintentional plagiarism can also result from excessive collaboration when students fail to give adequate credit to others with whom they have worked. In all cases, unintentional plagiarism leaves the reader unsure of whose ideas are being presented, or leads them to assume that the words and ideas of others are those of the author.
Procedures for Academic Integrity Violations
Instructors shall report alleged cases of violations of the Academic Integrity Policy to the Dean of the College. Students should help to maintain the standards of the college by reporting to the instructor any violations of the policy they observe in his or her class. The usual response to an allegation that the Academic Integrity Policy has been violated is for the Dean of the College to convene an Academic Integrity Committee as described below. When the allegation is the first one made against a student, and the alleged offense seems minor or even unintentional, an Alternative Resolution Procedure may be attempted. This procedure applies only when the student, the instructor, and the Dean of the College agree that it is appropriate, and all of the steps described below under Alternative Resolution Procedure must be completed for the matter to be resolved without a full hearing by an Academic Integrity Committee.
- Academic Integrity Committee: The Dean of the College convenes and chairs an Academic Integrity Committee made up of two faculty members and one student from the CLA Student Conduct Board, and the accused student's academic advisor or another faculty member of the accused student's choosing.
- When any member of the Committee believes that he or she should not hear a case because of a possible conflict of interest, that member should recuse him or herself. The accused student may request that a specific faculty member or student not be asked to hear the case; this request will be honored. In either case, the Committee will be reconvened using other members from the appropriate pool of those serving on the CLA Student Conduct Board. The accused student may request, and will be granted, up to a week to prepare his or her response before being called before the Committee. In the first stage of the hearing, both the faculty member bringing the charge and the accused student will be present, and each will make an oral statement to the Committee and answer any questions. At this stage, either may ask to address the Committee without the other's being present, and will be granted the right to do so. The accused student and the accusing faculty member will be asked to wait outside the room while the Committee discusses the case; either may be called back into the room to answer questions. At the end of their deliberations on the case, the Dean of the College, the two faculty members and the student will vote on the matter, while the advisor will have a voice but no vote.A decision of guilt or innocence will be based on a preponderance of the evidence in the case; however, other factors, such as any prior accusations or any mitigating circumstances, may be taken into account in the determination of penalty. In all cases, both the accused student and the faculty member bringing the charge may appeal the decision as described below.
- All documents relating to the case will be placed on file in the office of the Dean of the College, where they will remain until the student's file is destroyed one year after the student graduates.
- Alternative Resolution Procedure:
- The student admits misusing sources and violating the Academic Integrity Policy and agrees to correct the work in a manner satisfactory to the course instructor. The student completes and signs a form that describes the violation and the corrective measures to be undertaken and includes a promise that the problem will not occur again.The instructor completes and signs a form that describes the incident and certifies that it has been resolved satisfactorily. That form, together with all documentary material from the case, will be placed on file in the office of the Dean of the College, where it will remain until the student's file is destroyed one year after the student graduates.
- If the student is later found to have committed another violation of the standards of academic integrity, the documentary material on file from any prior invocation of the Alternative Resolution Procedure will be used as evidence of a first offense in the penalty phase of the hearing and the penalty will be more severe than it would be for a first offense.
The individual merits of each case are weighed by the Academic Integrity Committee, which determines the penalty accordingly. The Committee considers the purpose of the hearing and the resolution and penalty to be educational; resolutions reached through the Alternative Procedure and penalties determined by the Academic Integrity Committee are designed with that in mind. First Offense: The maximum penalty is suspension from the CLA. Other penalties may include, but are not limited to, denial of some or all honors conferred by the college, and loss of credit for the assignment or for the course. Documentation of previous violations of academic integrity will form part of the record in subsequent cases and appeals. Second Offense: The maximum penalty is expulsion from the CLA.
- Decisions of the Academic Integrity Committee may be appealed only if new evidence has been found, or if the original hearing overlooked specific evidence or committed procedural errors. The Dean's Council is the final appeals board for cases of violations of the academic integrity policy. The appeal, whether sought by the faculty member who brought the charge or by the accused student, must be submitted in writing. On the basis of the written appeal, the Council may decide to hear the case or to uphold the original decision if no new evidence has been presented, if no evidence has been shown to have been overlooked, and/or if no procedural errors have been shown to have occurred. Whatever its decision, the Council must provide reasons in writing to both parties. If the Council agrees to hear the case, it has the right to reverse the decision of an earlier hearing. Only the five faculty members of the Dean's Council will vote on such appeals. While the Dean of the College and the SGA representative will remain in attendance during such hearings, they will each have a voice but no vote.When any member of the Council believes he or she should not hear the matter under appeal because of a possible conflict of interest, that member may be excused. In this event, the Dean of the College will appoint a temporary faculty replacement or will consult with the SGA President to determine an appropriate temporary student replacement from the SGA cabinet.During the hearing of the appeal, the faculty member who brought the original charge will provide information and answer questions. The student may be accompanied and advised by a member of the faculty of his or her choice and will also provide information and answer questions.
- Decisions will be based on a preponderance of the evidence and will be provided in writing to both parties
Home site and additional information at: http://depts.drew.edu/cladean/drewonly/Academic%20Integrity%20Booklet2.htm#standardsacadinteg