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The following formatting instructions identify specific requirements for papers submitted for the Drew DMIN program. Please consult your advisor for the specific formatting requirements that apply to your paper and adjust the directions where needed.

These instructions are also written using Word 2013. If you use a different version of Word - especially Word 2011 for Mac - your options may be found in a different place, though they will go by the same name. Visit to learn more about any setting you cannot find.

Paragraph Marks

Paragraph marks can be helpful to see when something is not responding to formatting the way you expect it to. These can be turned on and off by clicking the paragraph marks symbol, , in the Paragraph group on the Home tab of the ribbon.



Your entire document has the same font, so apply these settings before you write.

Your text should be set to Times New Roman, size 12.

Spacing should be double (2.0).

(Special sections of text, like footnotes or block quotes,

will be single spaced. See those sections for more


Page Margins


Your entire document should have the same page margins, so set the page margins before you write.

Go to Page Layout > Margins > Custom margins….
Set the margins as follows: 1” margins top, bottom, right; 1.5” left

Title Page

  1. Click the Center alignment button in the Paragraph group on the Home tab of the ribbon

  2. Type out your title, entirely caps (use Caps Lock)

  3. Type the other information, matching the sample provided to you (not all caps)

  4. Right click on first line of title

    1. Choose "Paragraph…." from the menu

    2. Make sure "Special" is set to "(none)"

    3. Set "Line spacing, Before" to 108 pt. (This creates a 2.5” space at the top of the page), or (for CSGS papers) set to 72 pt for a 2" space

    4. Click OK

  5. Add blank space between each section of text by hitting Enter until your date is at the bottom

    1. Hit Delete or Backspace once if the date goes on to the next page

Body Paragraphs

  1. Type out your first sentence (even if you plan to change it later!)

  2. Right click on the sentence and select "Paragraph…." from the menu.

  3. Set "Special" to "First Line"

    1. It should default to 0.5”, but set it to that if not

  4. Click OK

Chapter Titles


The most important thing to remember with your chapter titles is CONSISTENCY.

The Theological school requires the following settings, but the CSGS does not. Confirm your requirements with your dissertation committee.

  1. Chapter titles should be in all caps, centered

    1. If naming chapters "CHAPTER 1: CHAPTER TITLE", type CHAPTER 1, hit Enter, then type CHAPTER TITLE

  2. 2” from top of page: Right click on (first line of) chapter title and select "Paragraph…." from the menu

  3. "Special" should be set to "(none)"

  4. Spacing > "Before:" should be set to 72 pt (to begin the title 2" from the top of the page)

  5. Select the "Don't add space between paragraphs of the same style" checkbox

  6. If it doesn’t look like your title moved, turn on paragraph marks and make sure there is a section break at the end of the chapter before

Block Quotes


For quotes longer than 3 typed lines or 50 words (check your guidelines for clarification), the quote should be set apart as a block quote. To do this:

  1. Make your quote its own paragraph by hitting Enter before and after the quote
  2. Right click anywhere in the paragraph and select "Paragraph…." from the menu
  3. Set the Left Indentation to 0.5"
  4. Make sure Special is set to (none)
  5. Set the Line spacing to Single

  6. Click OK.


Long or Em Dash


Some guidelines suggest a 3-em dash be used in the bibliography/works cited in place of repeating an author's name.

To insert a 3-em dash:

  1. Put your cursor where you need the line.
  2. Go to the Insert tab. 
  3. Click on Symbol (to the right) and choose More Symbols. 

  4. Click on Special Characters at the top. 
  5. The first character is usually the em dash, which is what we want. Click Insert 3 times (slowly - if you go too fast, it won't insert 3). 

  6. Click Close, then type your period, space, and the rest of your reference.

Adding Section Breaks (for page numbering and footnotes)


Create sections to handle page numbering and restarting footnote numbers at 1 in each chapter.

  • The title page and any un-numbered pages in the front matter should be a section
  • The Table of Contents and any numbered pages in the front matter should be a section
  • Each chapter should be its own section
  • If listed separately in your Table of Contents, each appendix should be its own section
    • If you only list "Appendices", then all appendices should be one section
  • The Bibliography should be its own section
  • Those including a Vita should make that page a different section

To add a section break:

  1. Put your cursor after the text in the section before

  2. On the Page Layout tab, select Breaks > Next Page (under Section Breaks)

    Please avoid the Continuous section break.

  3. If you get an extra line before the next page’s title, hit (forward) Delete

  4. Word will remember the formatting you create in a section for page numbers and footnotes, so you can set up the formatting for the first few sections, then add sections for additional chapters as you write without needing to manually adjust the page number and footnote settings in each chapter

NOTE: You will only know that a section break exists if you (a) turn on paragraph formatting marks or (b) take note of the section numbers when in your header/footer area.




Inserting a Footnote

  1. Put cursor where footnote number should be

  2. On the References tab, choose "Insert Footnote"

Formatting your footnotes

  1. First, change your view. On the View tab, select Draft.

  2. On the References tab, choose Show Notes.

  3. At the bottom, make sure the drop down says "All Footnotes".

  4. Click in a footnote and then hit Ctrl+A on your keyboard to select all.

  5. Right click in highlighted text and select "Paragraph…." from the menu

  6. Adjust the following settings:

    1. Alighnment: Left

    2. Indentation, Left and Right: 0”

    3. Indentation, Special: First Line, 0.5”

    4. Spacing, Before: 0 pt

    5. Spacing, After: 12 pt

    6. Line spacing: Single

  7. Click OK

  8. To return to your usual view, go back to the View tab and choose Print Layout.

To restart footnote numbers for each chapter

Please note: For the DMin program, footnotes must restart at 1 in each chapter. For students in the Graduate School, check with the readers on your committee about whether the numbers need to start at 1 again, or should be sequential throughout your paper.

  1. Right click on a footnote and select “Note options”

  2. In Numbering, select “Restart each section”

  3. In Apply changes to, select “Whole Document”

  4. Click Apply.


Page Numbering


Please note: You will need to add section breaks to create the different types of page numbers if your paper is all in one file. Please see "Adding Section Breaks", above.

Front Matter page numbers

  1. In the second section (after your title page, etc), double click in the Footer (at the bottom of the page, beneath your text).

  2. In the Header & Footer Tools Design tab, if “Link to Previous” is highlighted, click on it to turn the link off

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  3. To insert the page number bottom center on the Table of Contents, select Page Number > Bottom of Page > Plain Number 2

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  4. To change the format, select Page Number > Format Page Numbers…

  5. Change Number format to lowercase Roman numerals

  6. Leave Page Numbering at “Continue from previous section” (as you want to count the title page, etc, in your numbering but do not want numbers to appear on the pages before the table of contents)

  7. Click OK

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  8. Close Header and Footer to return to editing your text

Main Text page numbers
  1. Double click in the footer on the first page of your main body of text

  2. In this third section (usually your introduction), if “Link to Previous” is highlighted, click on it to turn the link off

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    In following sections, the Link can remain on.

  3. Check the box next to “Different First Page”

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  4. To insert the page number bottom center on the first page, select Page Number > Bottom of Page > Plain Number 2

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  5. To start the number at 1, select Page Number > Format Page Numbers…

    1. Make sure Number format is set to Arabic numerals

    2. Change Page Numbering to “Start at” and enter 1.

    3. Click OK

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      The sections after your introduction or first chapter should be set to "Continue from previous section", as the numbering will keep going rather than starting again at 1.

  6. Click in the Header on your next page

  7. If “Link to Previous” is highlighted, click on it to turn the link off

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    In following sections, the Link can remain on.

  8. To insert the page number on the top right of the page, select Page Number > Top of Page > Plain Number 3

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  9. Close Header and Footer

  10. On the first page of your next chapter, double click in the header or footer

  11. Make sure “Different first page” is checked

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  12. Link to previous should remain highlighted

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  13. The page numbering should continue automatically, with the first page of the chapter bottom center and the other pages top right, for each section. Double check that the Different first page is checked for each section and the page numbers are correct, adjusting if needed.

You will find step by step instructions for page numbering atNumbering Your Pages.

Images and Captions

If you are including images in your paper, you can read how to add captions in Word in this article (applies to Word 2007, 2010, 2013, and 2016).

This YouTube video from Office gives you some tips for including images in your Word document:

Table of Contents


Save the Table of Contents (TOC) for last, as you should have your paper mostly written before completing your TOC.

Make sure your TOC chapter titles match the titles in your text.

Dot leaders are the dots between your chapter title and the page number that chapter starts on. The page numbers will be flush right after adjusting these settings.

  1. Type all of the chapter titles, one per line

  2. Highlight all of the titles

  3. Right click and select “Paragraph….”

  4. Choose Tabs…

  5. In “Tab stop position”, type 6”

  6. Set the Alignment Right

  7. Choose Leader 2 (the dots)

  8. Click Set, then OK

  9. Put your cursor at the end of the first title and hit the Tab on your keyboard

  10. Dots will be inserted all the way to the right margin. Type your page number here.

  11. Repeat the Tab and page number for each title

Order of Materials


Please confirm this order with your adviser. Also keep in mind that not all of these elements are necessary for your paper. Again, confirm requirements with your adviser.

Theological School

Front Matter

Title page; Copyright; Abstract; Dedication (no page numbers)

Table of Contents; Figure List; Acknowledgements; Abbreviations; Glossary* (lower case Roman numerals)

Back Matter

Appendix/ces; Glossary*; Bibliography (Arabic numerals)

Graduate School

Front Matter

Title page; Copyright; Abstract; Dedication (no page numbers)

Table of Contents; Acknowledgements; Other (figure list, abbreviations, preface) (lower case Roman numerals)

Back Matter

Appendix/ces; Glossary*; Bibliography (Arabic numerals)

CV (no page number)

* The Glossary can be placed with the front matter or back matter